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Selective attention during transpersonal experiences surrounding death

Madelaine Lawrence

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Title/T铆tulo:

馃嚞馃嚙: Selective attention during transpersonal experiences surrounding death

馃嚜馃嚫: Atenci贸n Selectiva Durante las Experiencias Transperso-nales en el Proceso de Morir

Author/Autor: Madelaine Lawrence
Language/Idioma: English
Abstract/Resumen:

Abstract

Introduction: Little attention is given to how individuals process sensory information during a transpersonal experience.  What selective attention processes operate during a transpersonal event is significant to better understand cognitive operations and for selection of target objects in research studies. Methodology: Forty case descriptions of observations by subjects during out-of-body experiences (OBEs) during near-death experiences (NDEs) and those separate from NDEs, occurring in hospitalized patients, were selected for content analysis.  Results: Four stimuli attracted the attention of subjects: seeing out of place or odd objects or events (20%), looking at their injured body (30%), watching people coming to the accident or resuscitations in the hospital (35%), and spiritual body assessment (30%).  Conclusion: Normally selective attention occurs within a voluntary, goal directed system and an involuntary stimulus driven system.  Only one goal directed activity, required in studies, was noted. All others were involuntary stimulus driven selective attention occurrences.

Resumen

Introducci贸n: Se presta poca atenci贸n a c贸mo los individuos procesan la informaci贸n sensorial durante una experiencia transpersonal. Lo que los procesos de atenci贸n selectiva operan durante un evento transpersonal, es significativo para entender mejor las operaciones cognitivas y la selecci贸n de objetos. Metodolog铆a: Se seleccionaron cuarenta descripciones de casos de sujetos que vivieron experiencias fuera del cuerpo (EFC), experiencias cercanas a la muerte (ECM) y experiencias distintas de las ECM. Fueron pacientes hospitalizados, y se llev贸 un tipo de an谩lisis de contenido.

Resultados: Cuatro est铆mulos atrajeron la atenci贸n de los sujetos: ver objetos o eventos extra帽os fuera de lugar (20%), observar su propio cuerpo lesionado (30%), observar a las personas que llegaban al accidente o las reanimaciones en el hospital (35%), y cierto tipo de evaluaci贸n corporal espiritual (30%). Conclusi贸n: Normalmente la atenci贸n selectiva ocurre dentro de un sistema voluntario, dirigido a una meta y consistente en un sistema impulsado por un est铆mulo involuntario. En este estudio s贸lo se observ贸 una actividad dirigida espec铆ficamente al objetivo, requerida en los estudios. Todos los dem谩s fueron sucesos de atenci贸n selectiva motivados por est铆mulos involuntarios.

Keywords/Palabras Clave:

馃嚞馃嚙: out-of-body experiences, near-death experiences, selective attention, content analysis, transpersonal experiences

馃嚜馃嚫: experiencias fuera del cuerpo, experiencias cercanas a la muerte, atenci贸n selectiva, an谩lisis de conte-nido, experiencias transpersonales

Pages/P谩ginas: 131-138
Date of Publication/Fecha de Publicaci贸n: December 30th, 2017
Citation/Referencia:

Lawrence, M. (2017). Selective attention during transpersonal experiences surrounding death. Journal of Transpersonal Research, 9(2), 131-138